This is a very common Anal fissure rectal disease causing a lot of suffering to the patient. It consists of a tear or a crack in the skin lined part of the anal canal. It usually found in young and middle age people but sometimes even in children. Though a small crack, the pain, and suffering inflicted by it is of great magnitude. Besides, more often than note, it does not heal permanently and keeps on showing its effects continually or intermittently.
Condition of the Anal Fissure
Fissure can be categories as acute and chronic.
Acute anal fissures are those which have developed recently ( Less than about 5 weeks) these may heal spontaneously.
Chronic anal fissure is comparatively long-standing fissure more than 5 to 6 weeks these fissures will usually not heal without professional care.
In a simple word we can say that Anal fistula is an abnormal extension of tract from anal canal to outside usually opens to peri anal skin . The infection or mild injury in the anal canal due to constipation or any other reason are common cause for fistula in ano. In fact, following drainage of a perianal abscess, there is an approximate 50% chance of developing a chronic fistula. Other fistulae develop secondary to trauma, Crohn’s disease, anal fissures, carcinoma, radiation therapy, tuberculosis, and chlamydial infections.
Very long standing fissure develops hard fibroid tissue. Later on, perennial abscess or an anal fissure may form as a complication which leads to form fistulae tract.Fistulae in Ano is also a common cause of anal stenosis / spasmodic anus.
Symptoms of Fistulae in Ano
Pain and swelling are the main symptoms associated with anal fistula. There is a drainage of puss if the fistula tract is opened to outside. Ayurveda explains symptoms as pain, itching, blood stained stools , difficulty to sit and puss drainage.
Management of Fistula in Ano
Classical texts of Ayurveda like Sushruta Samhita and Charak Charak Samhita and Ashtanga sangraha elaborates the use of many herbal formulations both oral & topical for the treatment of Fistula in Ano. Principles used in the management of Fistula in Ayurveda is to correct the infection and puss and granulation tissues within the Fistula tract. For these We are using unique PRATHISARANIYA THEEKSHNA KSHARA Sutra , a potent Ayurveda preparation to heal the Fistula tract soundly within days.