Fatty liver is a condition that fat accumulates in the liver cells. It is said that one in seven asian people in their adulthood, has fatty liver now. It has been considered as a mild illness in the past. However, recently it has identified, fatty liver has the potential to progress to liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. It has been found that in people with fatty liver changes, the risk of various lifestyle disease is also increases.
Fatty liver caused by overweight, life style changes and excessive drinking of alcohol, is a relatively mild disease among liver diseases which can cure completely by improving lifestyle, dietary habits and taking completely herbal ayurvedic medicines.
However, if you neglect or continue to live your life without improving your lifestyle habits and modifications in diets, liver function may further worsen, causing hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and eventually liver cancer from fatty liver.
In order to prevent liver cancer, those who have found abnormalities such as fatty liver by ultra sonography or liver function test, it is important to adopt changes in lifestyle and food habits to prevent serious liver disease.
Causes of fatty liver
Fatty liver is a disease in which fats(triglyceride) accumulates in the liver. Lipids ingested by meals are absorbed from the small intestine and broken down into fatty acids in liver and carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, are turned into neutral fat in the liver. If you take too much lipid and carbohydrate without further physical activities or exercise, surplus fatty acids and glucose which you could not use, were stored in the liver as neutral fat.
Neutral fat accumulates in the liver even if you drink too much alcohol. This is because when alcohol decomposes, neutral fat is more likely to be synthesized. Also, when becoming obese, fatty acid burning in the liver will decrease, so there is more chances for neutral fat accumulates in the liver. In some individuals, those who take unreasonable diet changes such as in extreme diet restrictions may leads to fatty liver called “malnutrition fatty liver”.
It is generally known that excessive drinking alcohol is bad for the liver. However, it is an interesting fact that in Indians, fatty liver caused by not due to excessive drinking, but due to too much overeating. This is called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Types of fatty liver
There are two types of fatty liver diseases. Non alcoholic fatty Liver disease(NAFLD) and alcoholic fatty liver disease. Non alcoholic fatty liver or simple fatty liver (NAFL) may develop in to a codition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Non alcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH) is known to progress to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, if left untreated or not managed properly.
Everyone with fatty liver does not become severe or leads to liver cirrhosis, but it is important to discover it early, to adopt mild changes in lifestyle and dietary habits, manage obesity and associated life style diseases such as hypertension and diabetes.
Symptoms of fatty liver
Fatty liver has no subjective symptoms such as pain. However, when becoming a fat liver, it becomes so-called “muddy blood” and the blood flow gets worse, so oxygen and nutrients are not properly supplemented to the cells of the whole body, and symptoms such as tiredness, shoulder stiffness, head bumps etc are appear sometimes.
Home remedies for fatty liver
Fatty liver caused by lifestyle habits and foods will recover by improving your lifestyle. Doing mild changes in dietary habits, exercise, avoiding alcohol and reducing body weight by 2 kg will reduce the amount of neutral fat accumulated in the liver and improve hepatic function.
Improvement of dietary habits for the treatment of fatty liver means that we first decide to reduce fatty food products and sugar. If you eat larger quantity of carbohydrates on a daily basis, you have more chance to become fatty liver.
It is said that rice, bread and noodles can be reduced by 500g per month, 2kg in 4 months, leaving just one mouth. It is recommended to enjoy fruits as seasonal taste, but for those who want to eat every day, please take 1/2 a day as a guide and eat at breakfast.
Continued exposure to active oxygen generated from stress, smoking, ultraviolet rays, etc. affects the onset of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We have learned that catechin contained in green tea eliminates active oxygen generated in the body, especially the liver. There are also studies that it is good for metabolic syndrome, so it is effective for prevention of fatty liver.
When the blood glucose level rises sharply with a meal, a large amount of insulin which is a hormone lowering the blood glucose level is secreted. Because insulin stores surplus sugar as neutral fat, to prevent fatty liver, it is important not to raise the blood sugar value rapidly.
If you eat chewed and eat well in the order of vegetable side dishes → meat/fish side dish → rice (carbohydrates), the rise in blood glucose will be gentle and insulin secretion suppressed.
Because of fat burns with muscles, it is important to apply muscles to improve fatty liver. Light muscle training leads to improvement function, strengthening inner muscle increases basal metabolism, it becomes a body that is not overweight. Let’s make a habit “squat & stand to stand” by all means.