Diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus in Latin) and is a metabolic disease.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which the blood sugar level is elevated.In healthy people, the body controls the blood sugar level with insulin. When sugar-rich foods are consumed, there is a lot of sugar in the blood. If the body that does not need sugar right away, the pancreas adds additional insulin that controls the level of sugar in the blood.
In people with diabetes, either the insulin is not created or the body does not respond well to insulin. This means that the blood sugar level in the body is not reduced. The blood sugar continues to flow into the blood while it can not be used. This may be uncomfortable in the short run, in the long run, it is harmful to the body and may even adversely affect life expectancy. Signaling sugar sickness on time is therefore very important. With good medications, diabetes can be well controlled.
● In general, diabetes is divided into two categories: Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. With type 1 diabetes mellitus (CD1), insulin in the pancreas ceases to develop. To prevent the development of this disease is currently not possible. The only way to treat is daily insulin injections throughout life.
● Mellitus type 2 (CD2) is much more common than CD1. The main cause of its development is obesity, so weight control is a key factor in the prevention. Hereditary predisposition plays an important role (it ranges from 40 to 75%).
There is also gestational, developing or appearing for the first time during pregnancy.
Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed much more often than other forms of the disease: it is detected in 90% of cases. The results of numerous studies indicate that it is possible to prevent or delay its appearance: it is worth not forgetting about a healthy lifestyle, balanced diet, and physical activity. A significant role is played by public awareness of diabetes, the causes of its occurrence, and much more.
Sweet consumption can potentially lead to an increase in body weight and promote the development of in predisposed individuals because the main cause of its development is precisely obesity and heredity. Excess weight is an obstacle to the normal operation of insulin, which is still being developed at the onset of the disease. Years later, the pancreas gradually loses its ability to produce a sufficient amount of insulin.
At the same time, the love of sweets does not affect the development of type 1 diabetes. With this disease, pancreatic cells that produce insulin are destroyed by antibodies that are produced by the body itself (a process called “autoimmune”). Science cannot yet give a definitive answer about the causes, however, it is known that by inheritance this disease is transmitted extremely rarely, in 3-7% of cases.